Afghanistan [edit ]
During the first predominate of the Islamic Emirate government in Afghanistan ( 1996–2001 ), Western engineering and artwork was prohibited and this included all video games. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] Between 2001 and 2021, no video games were officially banned in Afghanistan, except for PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds. [ 8 ]
Albania [edit ]
No video recording games are presently banned in Albania. Some games were banned during the Hoxhaist regimen for allegedly promoting capitalist values. [ example needed ] In 2016, the government discussed banning the game Five Nights at Freddy’s apparently for its disturbing backstory, though the banish was late [ when? ] initially dropped over execration from Reporters Without Borders and albanian fans of the game. [ citation needed ] The ban was enacted subsequently that year. [ 9 ] A few days after the ban of the dismissal of Dead Rising 2′ second exhaust in Albania, retailer Albagame refused to sell the copies over alleged gamble. [ 10 ] In early 2019 Edi Rama, the prime minister, threatened to ban the game after a law was passed by the parliament, banning sports betting. [ 10 ]
Argentina [edit ]
|Carmageddon||Banned in the capital city of Buenos Aires because it depicts people being killed by motor vehicles.|
|RapeLay||Banned because it promotes and supports the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct, as well as the exploitation of young people for sexual purposes.|
Australia [edit ]
originally, video games in Australia could only be rated up to MA15+. At the clock, the R18+ categorization rating could be given to films, but a video game with message deemed fitting for the R18+ rate would be classed as ‘Refused Classification ‘ due to an allow classification not being available for the medium. In July and August 2011, all australian state Attorney-Generals agreed to instate an R18+ fink for video recording games, which would be available by the end of 2011. [ 14 ] many games previously refused classification would now fit into the R18+ rating and, if the publisher chose to pay the reclassification fee, would theoretically be able to sell their game in Australia. The date was subsequently changed to allow the rating to be introduced at the beginning of 2013. [ 15 ] With the R18+ military rank in place, it is expected fewer television games will be given the refuse categorization rating. Games may still be Refused Classification if deemed to contain material unsuitable for R18+ classification, such as depictions of intimate violence or the promotion of illegal drug use, angstrom well as drug consumption that is related to incentives and rewards. More specifically, games which may be Refused Classification include :
- Detailed instruction or promotion in matters of crime or violence.
- Depiction of rape.
- The promotion or provision of instruction in paedophile activity.
- Descriptions or depictions of child sexual abuse or any other exploitative or offensive descriptions or depictions involving a person who is, or appears to be, a child under 18 years.
- Gratuitous, exploitative or offensive depictions of:
- (i) violence with a very high degree of impact or which are excessively frequent, prolonged or detailed;
- (ii) cruelty or real violence which are very detailed or which have an extremely high impact;
- (iii) sexual violence
- Depictions of practices such as bestiality
- Gratuitous, exploitative or offensive depictions of:
- (i) activity accompanied by fetishes or practices that are offensive or abhorrent;
- (ii) incest fantasies or other fantasies that are offensive or abhorrent
classification is compulsory, and games refused classification by the ACB are banned for sale, hire or populace exhibition, carrying a maximal very well of $ 275,000 and/or 10 years in imprison. It is, however, legal to possess RC games ( except in western Australia and prescribed areas of the Northern Territory ). material that is defy classification is put on the australian Customs and Border Protection Service list of forbidden items. Any copies of such games found at the boundary line will be seized, [ 16 ] and the recipient role, depending on the count of copies being imported, may receive up to A $ 110,000 in fines. [ 17 ] due to the license of the International Age Rating Coalition software for developers to rate their own bet on, several hundred games have been banned from respective app stores as of 2015. [ 18 ]
belgium [edit ]
Phantasy Star Online 2, FIFA 17, Gears of War 4, Mario Kart Tour and other games have been banned ascribable to the usage of loot boxes ( which constitute gambling under the area ‘s existing laws ) and their equivalents. More are expected to be banned for the same reason. [ 19 ]
Brazil [edit ]
Brazil has banned many video games since 1999, chiefly due to depictions of violence and cruelty, [ 20 ] making it illegal to distribute and differently sell these games. [ 21 ] [ 22 ]
additionally, the brazilian advisory denounce system requires that all television games be rated by the administration, where unrated video recording games are banned from being sold in Brazil. [ citation needed ] Often, bans do not extend to digital platforms .
Mainland China [edit ]
A very big number of video games are banned in mainland China. Games that portray drugs, sexual themes, blood, organized crime or aspersion of the chinese politics are about constantly banned. Because of the large size of the chinese video game commercialize, many studios edit the subject of their games to conform to the government ‘s standards. home bet on consoles were banned in mainland China from June 2000 [ 30 ] [ 31 ] until 2013. When the ban was lifted, eighth-generation consoles such as the Xbox One and PlayStation 4 were allowed in the state. [ 32 ] As of April 2019, after implementing a new mandatary local rate and approval system, any and all games containing depictions of violence, blood, gambling and imperial history are de facto banned from all accessible platforms in the nation ( unless otherwise changed to comply with local anesthetic standards ). [ 33 ] [ 34 ] [ 35 ] [ unreliable source? ] [ dubious – discuss ] luminary games banned in this region are :
Cuba [edit ]
No video games have ever been banned in Cuba, but few games were sold in that country until 2007 when restrictions were eased. In 2010, the television game Call of Duty: Black Ops generated a lot of controversy as there is a deputation where the actor attempts to assassinate Fidel Castro, only to end up killing a double. [ 45 ]
denmark [edit ]
EA Sports MMA was not released in Denmark because of a jurisprudence prohibiting market for energy drinks, which EA chose not to remove from the game. [ 46 ] however, distribution is not illegal, as the game can even be found on shelves as an significance .
Germany [edit ]
A video game can be banned in Germany if it is confiscated by court orders because it violates a section of the Strafgesetzbuch ( criminal code ). private possession ( and frankincense playing it ) and skill ( such as downloading a show from the Internet ) are still legal, but any dissemination is not. The seller would break the law if a sale took plaza, not the buyer. however, on 10 December 2002, an “ Oberlandesgericht ” ( higher regional court ) in Hamm decided that a unmarried sale of a single transcript does not qualify as dispersion. [ 47 ] Unlike index by the BPjM, which restricts the sale of all content-equal versions. Versions that are confiscated are enumerated in the court order. Being put on the index by the BPjM or, since April 1, 2003, being refused a evaluation by the USK, does not equal a ban. rather, it imposes hard-and-fast craft restrictions on the title. While only very few games have been confiscated, the list of index games is very long. [ 48 ] StGB § 86a outlaws the use of symbols of unconstitutional organisations, StGB § 130 Volksverhetzung ( agitation of the people ), and StGB § 131 instructions for committing crimes. In the official lists, these three sections are constantly bundled, so any game that contains swastika flags and/or any word picture of Adolf Hitler is listed aboard racist propaganda pieces. StGB § 131 outlaw representation of excessive violence in media which “ describe barbarous or otherwise cold acts of ferocity against human or android beings in a manner which expresses a glory or rendering harmless of such acts of violence or which represents the barbarous or inhuman aspects of the consequence in a manner which injures homo dignity ”. [ 49 ] StGB § 130 and § 131 make it a criminal offense to do the following with corresponding scriptures :
- distribute/sell them
- issue in public, demonstrate or otherwise make them available
- leave them to a person under the age of 18
- produce, buy, deliver, store, offer, announce, praise, import or export them within the meaning of points 1 to 3.
This means that significance or purchase and possession for personal practice of such games is still legal for persons over 18 years of age. In the casing of video games that contain pornography with children or minors, where a real or realistic event is depicted, the possession of the video recording game or working towards possessing it would be illegal under StGB § 184b or §184c. differently, if the oeuvre depicts a assumed event, the distribution of such material is illegal .
Since 2018 there have been a few games where the ban has been lifted .
|Dead Rising||Originally banned by the district court of Hamburg in 2007 for violating German Criminal Code section 131 (depictions of violence). The ban was lifted in February 2018 but remains on the List of Media Harmful to Young People.|
|Left 4 Dead 2||Originally banned by the district court of Berlin-Tiergarten in 2010 for violating German Criminal Code section 131 (depictions of violence). A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in May 2018 and removed from the List of Media Harmful to Young People in January 2021.|
|Mortal Kombat (1992)||The version for the Sega Mega Drive was originally banned by the district court of Munich in 1994 for violating German Criminal Code section 131 (depictions of violence). The version for the Super Nintendo was censored and allowed for distribution. The ban was lifted in October 2019 and removed from the List of Media Harmful to Young People in March 2020.|
|Mortal Kombat II||Originally banned by the district court of Munich in 1995 for violating German Criminal Code section 131 (depictions of violence). The ban was lifted in October 2019 and removed from the List of Media Harmful to Young People in March 2020.|
|Mortal Kombat 3||Originally banned by the district court of Munich in 1997 for violating German Criminal Code section 131 (depictions of violence). The ban was lifted in November 2019 and removed from the List of Media Harmful to Young People in August 2020.|
|Wolfenstein 3D||Originally banned by the district court of Munich in 1994 for violating German Criminal Code section 86a (Use of symbols of unconstitutional organisations). The ban was lifted in August 2019 and removed from the List of Media Harmful to Young People in October 2019 on grounds of social adequacy.|
Greece [edit ]
No known games have been banned in Greece. Law 3037–2002, which was meant to fight illegal gambling, was deemed controversial due to it being obscure in regards to which electronic games were being banned in public places. It mentioned that mechanically executed games for entertainment purposes without betting were allowed. [ 69 ] [ 70 ] [ 71 ] [ 72 ]
guatemala [edit ]
|Roblox||Banned because it can violate the safety of children and adolescents.|
India [edit ]
indonesia [edit ]
|Far Cry 3||Banned because it was deemed harmful to the country’s public image as it portrays the inhabitants of the fictional island it is set in as insane. The ban has since been lifted for digital versions of the game.[ citation needed]|
|Mortal Kombat 11||Banned because of excessive violence and gore as well as depiction of communist symbolism which is strictly banned in the country.|
iran [edit ]
Iran typically bans any game that contains excessive violence, depicts cruelty, features impregnable sexual content, nakedness, or portrays the Middle East negatively .
iraq [edit ]
Fortnite and PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds are banned in Iraq because of negative effects caused by some electronic games on the health, culture, and security of Iraqi society. [ 90 ]
Republic of Ireland [edit ]
The IFCO rarely rates video games and leaves decisions to PEGI and the BBFC. Manhunt 2 was banned for “ arrant, brutal and gratuitous ferocity ”, but the banish was by and by lifted and the game was given a PEGI 18 rat. [ 91 ]
Italy [edit ]
In 2006, following the free of the trailer to the game Rule of Rose, the magazine Panorama ran an article claiming alive burials of children at the supporter ‘s hand. shortly after, then-mayor of Rome, Walter Veltroni, called for a ban of the crippled in Italy. The game ‘s european publisher, 505 Games, dismissed these claims, [ 92 ] and the game was not banned following Veltroni ‘s comments. In 2007, following the decisiveness of the governments of the United Kingdom and Ireland, the Minister of Communications Paolo Gentiloni publicly expressed the hope to ban the distribution of Manhunt 2 in Italy, due to the complimentary violence and excessive cruelty in the video game, but the banish was never put into practice. [ 93 ] In 2008, Counter-Strike: Source was banned in Genoa, after reports of teenagers in high schools cutting classes to play the game on Internet cafe. [ citation needed ] The ban was met with support by parents yet was ridiculed by local teens for being a creature to keep the local city anteroom from putting time and feat on early social problems. [ citation needed ]
Japan [edit ]
Video games are rarely banned in Japan, and it holds the identify as one of the top video recording game producers in the global. [ 94 ] however, for some games, normally westerly, they may edit or censor their games if they appear offensive to Japan ; an model being the japanese acquittance of Fallout 3. “ The Power of the Atom ” quest was edited to relieve concerns about nuclear explosion in dwell areas and the Fat Man weapon was renamed to the Nuka Launcher due to its relation to the substantial historic event. [ 95 ] Another model is the japanese version of Crash Bandicoot 2: Cortex Strikes Back in which a end animation that has Crash squashed into a head and feet was altered due to its resemblance to the Kobe child murders. Japan ‘s Spike removed all references to Kim Jong-il and North Korea in Homefront, angstrom well. [ 96 ] Resident Evil 4, Call of Duty: Black Ops, Bulletstorm, Gears of War 3, Grand Theft Auto V, Dead Island, Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance and numerous other violent titles [ citation needed ], distributed physically and digitally, were heavily edited for excessive violence, but entirely on the localization degree ; the games can however be played if the venue is switched from japanese to English. The Mortal Kombat series was subsequently banned in Japan, including its newest exhaust, due to heavy amounts of violence [ citation needed ]. On 13 March 2019, the sales of Judgment had stopped producing future sales in Japan, following Pierre Taki ‘s catch on misgiving of cocaine manipulation. As a result, Sega had replaced both the voice actor and the character model having been subsequently removed. [ citation needed ]
jordan [edit ]
|Roblox||Banned due to nudity (Condo Games).[ quotation needed]|
malaysia [edit ]
Malaysia tends to ban offensive contented such as extreme-impact violence, depictions of cruelty, any content considered anti-Muslim, intimate content and nakedness. In August 2008, after the Grand Theft Auto series ban in Thailand ( see below ), head of a malaysian consumer rights constitution, Muhammad Idris, called for the banish of the entire Grand Theft Auto series and other similarly violent video games such as the Manhunt series and Mortal Kombat. [ 97 ] [ 98 ] In February 2010, one workweek after Dante’s Inferno was released, the game was banned by the Jabatan Agama Islam ( JAIS ), a Muslim organization in Malaysia, for depictions of judeo-christian hell iconography which was against Sharia, angstrom well as cruelty and sex. [ citation needed ] In 2016, Pokémon Go was banned by the Federal Territory for Muslims for “ promoting the search for exponent ” [ sic ], which leads to gambling and safety issues related to playing the game [ citation needed ] The ban was late lifted following massive backlashes on sociable media and an update that slenderly modified security measures on the app. [ citation needed ] In September 2017, the malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission ( MCMC ) blocked access to the entire Steam store following the discovery of a controversial crusade game involving religious deities, Fight of Gods. [ 99 ] The banish was lifted one day subsequently after Valve agreed to block the game in Malaysia. [ 100 ]
Mexico [edit ]
Though no television games have always been banned in the nation, Tom Clancy’s Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter 2 was banned in the state of matter of Chihuahua due to mexican rebels being depicted as antagonists and stereotyping the cities of Chihuahua City and Ciudad Juárez. [ 101 ] however, the game can still be found in shelves in early federal entities.
Read more: Doctor Bosconovitch
nepal [edit ]
|PUBG||Used to be banned because of delinquency issues involving youths. Currently, the ban has been lifted.|
North Korea [edit ]
North Korea bans all alien video recording games ampere well as about all alien products .
New Zealand [edit ]
In New Zealand, games are classified by the state ‘s Office of Film and Literature Classification. If they are dubbed “ objectionable ” in all cases, they are banned. In this case, the bet on in doubt is not only illegal to sell, but besides to own, possess, or significance. Games are typically banned and classified as “ objectionable message ” when they contain extreme point ferocity, offensive depictions of cruelty, animal cruelty, sexual content involving minors, or graphic depictions of sexual content, including sexual fetishes that are “ revolting or abhorrent ” ( such as depictions of micturition, bestiality, necrophilia, urophilia, coprophilia, and/or incest ) .
pakistan [edit ]
Philippines [edit ]
In 1981, a presidential rule issued by Ferdinand Marcos outlawed the use and distribution [ 113 ] of all video game consoles, arcade games and pinball machines, deeming them as a “ destructive social foe ” [ 114 ] and “ to the detriment of the public sake ”. [ 115 ] [ 116 ] Despite the law being technically in effect following the EDSA Revolution, it has since been disregarded and unenforced. [ citation needed ] While no video recording games are banned nationwide so far since 1986, at least one title, Defense of the Ancients, has been banned at a barangay in Dasmariñas, Cavite following complaints of delinquency issues, and two mangle incidents involving youths in the area resulting from brawl in sexual intercourse to the game. [ 117 ] The banish, however, alone covers internet shops and does not extend to computers in individual homes .
soviet russia [edit ]
In Russia, games are classified by the “ On Countering Extremist Activity ” union law and are included in the “ Federal List of Extremist Materials “. Media in the United States and Europe have incorrectly reported that Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, which features a storyline in which russian ultra-nationalists take control of the country and invade the United States, was banned in Russia. Activision called these reports “ erroneous ”. [ 118 ] rather, a censor adaptation of the game was published, omitting the controversial “ No Russian “ level. This besides presumably prevented the game from being released on consoles in russian, with only a personal computer version officially available. In 2019, Sony Interactive Entertainment Russia refused to sell Call of Duty: Modern Warfare digitally. [ citation needed ] Because of the 2022 russian invasion of Ukraine, few games are being released because many game developers are ceasing operations in Russia .
Saudi Arabia [edit ]
Most banned games can be found in many stores due to a lack of government enforcement of bans ( much at a substantial price ). however, some major stores will not stock certificate banned titles. [ 123 ]
Singapore [edit ]
Singapore has banned games in the past and still occasionally does ( including a banish on arcades nationwide from 1983 to the 1990s ). With the execution of the Video Game Classification in 2008 by the Media Development Authority, most games are widely available for purchase to their respective historic period group, such as those containing full frontal nakedness or potent graphic ferocity under an “ M18 ” fink. Games that were previously banned such as Mass Effect were re-rated either “ Age Advisory ” or “ M18 ” after the implementation of the categorization system .
|Half-Life||Banned because of violence. The ban was met with uproar as the local gaming community and retailers scrambled to start petitions to save the game. The government decided to lift the ban after a week, as the game had been released for more than a year and the ban would impact the local LAN gaming and retail market.|
|Mass Effect||Banned because of a homosexual encounter between a feminine alien and female human. The ban was later lifted and the title re-rated M18.|
|The Darkness||Banned because of excessive violence. The ban was later lifted and the title re-rated M18.[ citation needed]|
South Korea [edit ]
Since 2006, South Korea has only banned video games on rare occasions. even before this, games were very rarely banned unless that game mentioned elements of the Korean War in decree to avoid tensions between the countries North Korea and South Korea. however, Manhunt, Manhunt 2, and Mortal Kombat are still banned because of ferocity and cruelty. Grand Theft Auto III, Grand Theft Auto: Vice City and Mercenaries: Playground of Destruction were previously banned, but the bans were late lifted. [ 131 ] The Game Rating Board requires that all video games be rated by the organization. Unrated titles are absolutely banned from being sold in the country, and websites selling them can be blocked .
turkey [edit ]
No games have officially been banned, but many requests and recommendations were made to ban certain best seller games featuring ferocity ( such as those against women ) since deoxyadenosine monophosphate early as the 2000s, but none took position and the games were left untouched. Though on March 10, 2015, the Turkish Ministry of Family and Social Services recommended a bachelor of arts in nursing on Minecraft, specifically after on-line trolls sent videos ( Made to make it appear as if it was featured in the original version of the game ) of a modded Minecraft session featuring mods that included violence “ not suited for such a game aged for young children ” to big media outlets and television channels in Turkey, which then they made news covering the transport reports, and later catching the care of the ministry and parents, resulting in such a recommendation. [ 135 ] [ 136 ] Minecraft back then had a quite big player-base in Turkey, and the ministry seeing such a game purportedly featuring violence being played by most of the young people in the area saw it as a large problem. however, the ban never took place, but the investigation stood on crippled for sometime without any progress, late being dropped and forgotten. [ 137 ] [ 138 ] The character was widely joked about not good across the nation but globally by both Turkish and foreign gamers, commentators, on-line media outlets, and television newsworthiness besides. [ 139 ] ( See video games in Turkey for more information ) Although certain on-line games are unavailable in the turkish area, and some are unavailable to be purchased digitally, but are available physically. The handiness is largely set by the publisher ’ second decisions and not directly by the government ( except site blockings ), though unlikely, some may be to avoid worry with the current conservative government in any-way. same applies in the Northern Cypriotic State .
thailand [edit ]
Thailand will typically ban any games with excessive ferocity and sexual subject, such as many eroge from Japan, for the same reasons as its banish on any pornographic films. [ citation needed ] additionally, since August 2008, all video recording game titles of the Grand Theft Auto series have been completely banned in Thailand, [ 140 ] because of a case where an 18-year-old Thai actor purportedly influenced by Grand Theft Auto killed a cab driver from Bangkok. [ 141 ] The ban, however, does not extend to the digital personal computer versions of Grand Theft Auto V. [ 142 ] Tropico 5 is yet another banned title. The ruling military military junta claims that it could “ affect peace and order ” within the state. [ 143 ]
United Arab Emirates [edit ]
In the United Arab Emirates, a ramify of the government called the National Media Council ( NMC ) works to control the media and entertainment diligence in the country, and they have the agency to issue bans on any specific media products, including video recording games, to comply with the country ‘s legal and cultural values. normally, the NMC do not explicitly express their actual consensus for any kind of write out ban on a intersection, so official reasons behind their bans remain ill-defined. however, bans issued by the NMC apply only to the sale of those products through local outlets ; they do not make private ownership illegal. There are certain exceptions, notably for Spec Ops: The Line ( see below ). Some banned games may be available and sold on the state ‘s grey market. [ citation needed ] In 2018, the NMC introduced a localised rat system for diverse media, including video games. [ 144 ] The keep up titles are banned from mainstream physical retail. however, unlike Saudi Arabia, most of these games can still be seen on digital storefronts such as the PlayStation Store .
United Kingdom [edit ]
Games in the UK normally only receive a ban when they contain real sexual activity scenes and/or gratuitous violence. BBFC age ratings are compulsory and backed by legislation, taking effect 30 July 2012. [ 173 ] It is illegal to sell, buy or lease, but not import, a game that has not been classified by an approve long time rat organization in the UK. This entirely applies to games stored on physical media, not downloadable media. [ 174 ]
United States [edit ]
In the United States, the Entertainment Software Rating Board ( ESRB ) —a self-regulatory organization, issues ratings for video games and enforces voluntary regulations on how they are marketed and sold. [ 181 ] The Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association —which challenged a California law restricting the sale of “ violent video games ” ( defined using a variation of the Miller test separate from ratings assigned by bodies such as the ESRB ) to minors, insisting that video games were considered a protect shape of saying under the First Amendment, meaning that federal or submit law can not be used to regulate their distribution based on content. [ 182 ] [ 183 ] however, games can still be recalled as the result of motor hotel orders ; a nude model featured in The Guy Game sued its developer and publisher over use of her likeness, as she was underage at the time of filming and therefore could not personally consent to her delineation. All remaining copies of the game that contained her likeness were recalled from stores. [ 184 ] [ 185 ] In 2012, a court found that Silicon Knights had plagiarized Epic Games ‘ proprietorship Unreal locomotive, and had used it in Too Human and X-Men: Destiny, along with other unreleased projects. The studio apartment was ordered to recall and destroy all remaining copies, materials, and source code relating to the games. [ 186 ] [ 187 ] The ESRB ‘s highest evaluation, “ Adults alone “, has been considered a sum ban on the mainstream sale of certain games, as most retailers refuse to standard games carrying the evaluation, and they can not be published on major video game consoles due to company policies. [ 188 ] [ 189 ] [ 190 ] [ 191 ] The free of Thrill Kill, an AO-rated fight plot with extreme ferocity and strong sexual themes, was outright cancelled by Electronic Arts ( who had acquired its developer ) due to objections over its message. [ 192 ] Following the discovery of an incomplete sex minigame that was not included in the concluding game but was silent present in the bet on ‘s code and could be accessed using a alteration or adulterous device, Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas was re-rated Adults Only and recalled by Rockstar Games, in favor of a new revision of the crippled that omitted the offending contentedness entirely and carried the original Mature rat. Custer ‘s Revenge has been banned in Oklahoma City because it is offensive to native americans, which a large number of residents identify as. [ 193 ] [ 194 ] [ 195 ]
ukraine [edit ]
uzbekistan [edit ]
Authorities in Uzbekistan banned a number of games over concerns that they could be “ used to propagate violence, pornography, endanger security and social and political stability ”, most notably first-person shooters such as Call of Duty: Black Ops and Doom, horror games like Silent Hill and Resident Evil, Mortal Kombat and even relatively non-violent simulations such as The Sims. The ban was condemned and ridiculed for taking precession over more crucial social issues and a waste of time and campaign. [ 196 ]
See besides [edit ]
Notes [edit ]
- excluding versions released entirely in India