Midterm elections in the United States are the general elections that are held near the center of a president ‘s four-year term of office, on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November. Federal offices that are up for election during the midterms include all 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, and 33 or 34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate. In addition, 34 of the 50 U.S. states elect their governors for four-year terms during midterm examination elections, while Vermont and New Hampshire elect governors to biennial terms in both midterm and presidential elections. therefore, 36 governors are elected during midterm elections. many states besides elect officers to their express legislatures in midterm years. There are besides elections held at the municipal level. On the ballot are many mayors, early local populace offices, and a wide-eyed kind of citizen initiatives. especial elections are often held in conjunction with regular elections, [ 1 ] so extra Senators, governors and early local officials may be elected to partial terms.
Midterm elections historically generate lower voter turnout than presidential elections. While the latter have had turnouts of about 50–60 % over the past 60 years, only about 40 % of those eligible to vote go to the polls in midterm elections. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] Historically, midterm elections often see the president ‘s party lose seats in Congress, and besides frequently see the president ‘s opposite-party opponents gain control of one or both houses of Congress. [ 4 ]
historical commemorate of midterm examination [edit ]
midterm elections are sometimes regarded as a referendum on the sitting president of the united states ‘s and/or incumbent party ‘s performance. [ 5 ] [ 6 ] The party of the incumbent president tends to lose ground during midterm elections : [ 7 ] since World War II, the President ‘s party has lost an average of 26 seats in the House, and an average of four seats in the Senate. furthermore, since conduct public midterm examination elections were introduced, in only seven of those ( under presidents Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Richard Nixon, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Donald Trump ) has the President ‘s party gained seats in the House or the Senate, and of those only two ( 1934, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and 2002, George W. Bush ) have seen the President ‘s party gain seats in both houses .
1Party shading shows which party controls chamber after that election.
Comparison with early U.S. general elections [edit ]
Notes [edit ]
- Gain/loss numbers are for the Pro-Administration faction ( 1790 ) and Federalist Party ( 1794 ) .
- Gain/loss numbers are for the anti-Jacksonian faction
- Gain/loss numbers are for the pro-Jacksonian faction
- Tyler was elected on the Whig ticket in 1840 but expelled from the party in 1841. Gain/loss numbers are for the Whig Party .
- Though primarily affiliated with the Democratic Party, Johnson was elected on the National Union ticket in 1864. Gain/loss numbers are for the democratic Party.
- Net loss for President ‘s party include vacancies but not vacancies filled before election day